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European Perch

Perca fluviatilis
Perca fluviatilis, commonly known as the European Perch, is a predatory species of perch found in Europe and Asia. In some areas it is known as the Redfin Perch or English Perch, and it is often known simply as Perch. The species is a popular quarry for anglers and has been widely introduced beyond its native area, into Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa.

European perch are greenish with red pelvic, anal and caudal fins. They have five to nine dark vertical bars on their sides.

European perch can vary greatly in size between bodies of water. Perch can live for up to 22 years, and older perch are often much larger than average; the maximum recorded length is 60 cm (24 in). The British record is 2.8 kg (6 lb 2 oz), but they grow larger in mainland Europe than in Britain, and to as much as 9 kilograms (20 lb) in Australia. As at Nov 2010 the official all tackle world record stands at 1.5 kg (3 lb 5 oz) although individual records from various areas record larger fish.

Life Cycle

The perch spawns (in the Northern Hemisphere) at the end of April or beginning of May, depositing the eggs upon water plants, or the branches of trees or shrubs that have become immersed in the water; it does not come into condition again until July. The eggs have been known to stick to the legs of wading birds and then transferred to other waters that the birds visit.